the headAcoustic guitar parts start with the head of the guitar. It's where you would expect it - at the head. It is where the tuning keys are mounted and the tuning pegs hold the strings wound tightly around them. Maple is a common choice of wood for the head of a guitar.
the tuning keysThe tuning keys perform one of the most important functions of playing the guitar in a musical and sonically pleasing way. They allow you to change the pitch of the strings. To play in tune makes even the beginner sound better. They vary by shape and size. Some are easier to turn based on the scale and overall size of the guitar.
the neckThe neck of a guitar is the long piece heading down from the head and fastened to the body. It is often made of maple wood. It should fit your hand by not being too wide. That’s a key difference between a classical and an acoustic guitar. A classical guitar has a wider neck. Over time the neck might need adjustment to remain straight and not bowed, which can occur due to the pull of the strings.
the fretboardAnother important component of the guitar is the fretboard. Some might consider this the key component in terms of feel. The fretboard is probably the biggest factor in the instrument’s playability. An excellent wood for the fretboard is ebony. An important feature is that the strings do not touch the frets and create a buzzing sound when holding down the strings.
the bodyThe body is the curvy part - pretty logical isn’t it? It is where the sound gets built after being generated by the strings. One of the most important influences of how the instrument sounds is the type of wood used. The back and sides of more expensive instruments are often made from rosewood.
the bridgeThe smallest of acoustic guitar parts, the bridge connects the strings to the body. It is a critical component and can influence the sound of a guitar in many ways. How the bridge is fastened to the body is important also. Common guitar repairs involve adjustments to the bridge. Though it is small, it has a huge impact on the general health of the guitar.
the stringsWhy did I put strings last? String get the most attention since they get changed more often than any of the acoustic guitar parts. They make a big difference in the clarity of an instrument’s sound.
TIP: do not put steel strings an a classical guitar.
There are at least 3 gauges, or thickness standards; Heavy, Medium and Light. Steel strings exert between 150 and 200 pounds of pressure on a guitar’s neck. Each puts its own strain on the guitar neck and truss rod. Each has a best use depending on the style of music being played. When your guitar starts to sound dull change your strings.
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